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Coolings Guide to Roses

Coolings Guide to Roses

Roses are regularly voted the nation’s favourite plant, creating a showstopping sight in the garden. We have several hundred varieties of roses in stock, giving you a wealth of choice and allowing you to find the perfect rose for you garden! We have put together this short guide to help you differentiate types of roses and to give you advice on how to plant your chosen rose.

David Austin Rosa ‘Lady of the Lake’ 

Let’s start with the different types of roses. When choosing the type of rose for your garden you need to consider a few key factors, such as sunlight levels, positioning, exposure to wind, space available. If you have a small garden, a huge rambling rose might not be ideal! If you are planning to plant your rose in a container, you need to ensure the container is an appropriate size and that the rose is okay to grow in a container. You can browse our large selection of roses in our online shop.


Patio – Smaller, compact varieties that are great for growing in pots. They have tight clusters of small flowers and can be either dwarf shrub or smaller climbing roses.

Shrub – Varying in height and spread, with some growing up to 15ft tall and wide! Can be enjoyed as individual specimens or grown as a hedge.

Climbers – Repeat flowering all summer and well into autumn. Vigorous, sprawling roses which will climb over arbors, trellises, fences and pergolas.

Ramblers – Small to medium-sized flowers held in large bunches. Gives a mass of bloom, once in the year. Ideal as support for other climbers.

Groundcover – Strong, low-growing rose bushes. Groundcover roses grow quickly and provide a colourful carpet of flowers.

Floribunda – Free-blooming, shrubby roses which bloom in large clusters and resist many common foliage diseases.

Hybrid Teas – Historically, the most popular type of roses, loved for their long-stemmed, beautifully formed, full-petaled blooms. Hybrid Teas are ideal as cut flowers.


David Austin Rosa ‘Harlow Carr’

Family: English Shrub Rose – Size: 3ft x 3ft – Fragrance: Old Rose – Colour: Pink

‘Harlow Carr’ is named after the RHS’s northerly Yorkshire garden and is a beautiful mid-pink rose. It is free-flowering and has a strong Old Rose fragrance. ‘Harlow Carr’ makes an excellent choice for a mixed border or pots with its delightfully shaped flowers.


David Austin Rosa ‘Queen of Sweden

Family: English Shrub Rose – Size: 4ft x 3ft – Fragrance: Myrrh – Colour: Pink

A repeat flowering rose; its flowers open up in to wide cups, beginning as apricot pink and  changing to soft pink. ‘Queen of Sweden’ has a delightful myrrh fragrance and was named to commemorate the Treaty of Friendship and Commerce between Sweden and Great Britain.


David Austin Rosa ‘The Albrighton Rambler’

Family: English Rambling Rose – Size: Up to 12ft – Fragrance: Musk – Colour: Blush Pink

Named for the the village location of David Austin’s nursery, this repeat-flowering rambler has fully-double flowers that are small and cup-shaped. With a fragrance of musk, this rose gives the overall impression of prettiness and charm.


Rosa ‘Oranges and Lemons’

Family: Floribunda – Size: 3.5ft x 2.5ft – Colour: Orange and Yellow

If you’re looking for something a bit different, then ‘Oranges and Lemons’ is a sure winner! This unusual and striking feline variety sports bright orange and lemon striped flowers. It is a repeat flowerer, with a slight fragrance.


Rosa ‘Open Arms’

Family: Rambling Rose – Size: Up to 10ft – Colour: Pink

‘Open Arms’ is a strong flowerer with a light fragrance, ideal for growing up walls, fences or obelisks. It has small, semi-double flowers, starting as soft pink and quickly fading to pale pink with prominent golden stamens. It holds a RHS Garden of Merit Award.


Rosa ‘Chandos Beauty’

Family: Hybrid Tea – Size: 4ft x 3ft – Colour: Peach

This beautiful, light apricot variety with pink flushes is a soft and pretty addition to the garden. It has an outstanding scent and is a strong grower! Repeat flowering, its attractive spiral flower shape make for lovely cut flowers.


Step 1 – Prepare the soil

Using a fork, dig the soil over thoroughly and remove any weeds or stones. This will ensure that the new roots can venture freely in their new environment.

Step 2 – Dig the hole

Dig a hole slightly larger than the container. Using a fork, break up the soil at the base of the hole. This will allow the roots to go deeper into the soil.

Step 3 – Add well-rotted manure

Mix a small spadeful of well-rotted farmyard manure with the soil in the bottom of the hole. Adding vital nutrients to the soil helping the rose to establish more effectively.

Step 4 – Apply toprose feed

Sprinkle the recommended amount of Toprose Rose & Shrub Feed around the sides and the bottom of the planting hole. Helping aid root development and will lead to a healthier rose.

Step 5 – Planting your rose

Water generously before removing your rose from its pot. Carefully remove the rose from its pot and position in the centre of the hole.

Step 6 – Backfill soil

Fill in and around the rose using the soil that was originally dug to make the hole.

Step 7 – Firm-in

Lightly firm the soil around the rose with your foot to ensure that the rose is secure and that there are no air pockets in the soil.

Step 8 – Water

Water the rose well after planting.


Once your rose has been planted it needs some aftercare to ensure that it stays healthy.

  • Roses are hungry plants and benefit from a generous feed. We recommend using David Austin Rose Food, which has an organic formulation and promotes healthy growth and flowers.
  • Pruning roses will help you to improve their health and lifespan. Pruning is key to encourage growth and bloom production. It can also help them to survive harsh winters. We have a wide range of pruning tools available in our shops and online. We recommend a good pair of gloves as well for all those thorns!
  • Roses are thirsty and they need watering regularly in the first year of planting. Shop watering online.

For further advice on roses, please visit our How To guides.